What Causes Kidney Stones, Symptoms, and its TypesSanjoy
In this article, we are discussing an important topic. We will talk about kidney stones. These stones are small, hard, or soft deposits
of minerals and acid salts on the inner surface of the kidney.
Major causes of kidney stones include daily diet, overweight, or regular medication. These are not only limited to kidneys but may occur in the urinary tract or bladder also.
How Kidney Stones Form?
The stones form due to the concentration of urine. It allows the minerals to crystallize. After that, these crystallized minerals stick together to form small deposits. This is how the formation of kidney stones takes place.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones:
There are no major symptoms of kidney stones until and unless it moves inside your kidney. That is to say, if the stone moves from the kidney to the bladder or inside the ureter, it can cause extreme pain. This painful condition can easily indicate the presence of stone inside the urinary system.
Other symptoms include:
- Severe pain on the backside of the waist, below the ribs
- Pain in the abdominal area (between stomach and legs)
- Fluctuating pain
- Pain while urinating
- Red or Brown Urine
- Bad smelling urine
- Often urination
- Fever and chills
Consult a doctor if blood comes in urine or you feel difficulty during urination. These symptoms should not be ignored.
What causes Kidney Stones?
Several factors may cause kidney stones. We cannot define a single cause responsible for this disorder. So, the causes are cited below.
Firstly, the accumulation of crystal-forming compounds like Calcium and oxalate can cause this disease. Also, the accumulation of uric acid in the kidney may be responsible for it.
Secondly, the substance that is necessary to prevent the crystals from sticking together may be absent. To clarify, urine contains a substance that prevents the formation of crystals. So, the absence of this substance may lead to the formation of crystals inside the kidney.
Other Causes of Kidney Stones:
If someone in your family is a known patient of kidney stone, there is a probability that you may develop the same. In addition, if you have had a kidney stone in past, you may get one if you do not follow proper medication and diet.
If your body does not get enough water a day, it may cause kidney stones. Drinking enough water can eradicate the possibility of this disease.
This point always plays an important role in the cause of almost all diseases. A balanced diet is required to prevent kidney stones. Diet rich in protein, sodium salt, and sugar may increase the risk of this disease. The high content of sodium or calcium salt can cause severe conditions.
Obesity leads to various diseases including kidney stones. If your BMI (Body Mass Index) is above the average, it may lead to the formation of stones. To prevent it, you should try to control the weight or lose weight.
Types of Kidney Stones:
Many types of stones may form inside the kidney. We need to know the type and its cause to give effective treatment to the patient. So, the types of kidney stones are:
This is the most common stone formed inside the kidneys of patients. It’s further broken down into two categories:
It forms due to the accumulation of calcium in form of Calcium Oxalate. In other words, oxalate is a compound synthesized by the liver. Also, you may get oxalate from your daily diet. The nuts and chocolates have a high amount of oxalate in them.
Furthermore, excess intake of Vitamin D may increase the risk of the formation of Calcium stones inside the kidney. It is because of the high concentration of oxalate.
Calcium stones may be present in the kidney in the form of Calcium Phosphate also. The main cause of these stones is regular medications. To clarify, if you are taking regular medicines for migraines or any seizure, for example, Topamax or Trokendi XR, this stone may form inside the kidney.
The main cause of these stones is UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections). The struvite stones increase in size rapidly. Also, it does not show any severe symptoms. Although, sometimes exhibit mild symptoms.
Uric Acid Stones:
When a person loses too much fluid every day, the probability of uric acid stone formation increases. It may be due to diarrhea or other cause when a person experiences fluid imbalance in the body.
In the same vein, those who take a high protein diet are more prone to this type of stone formation in the kidney. Furthermore, diabetic patients have a higher risk of developing uric acid stones.
Also, there is some evidence that shows some genetic factors to form the uric acid stones inside the kidney.
This is a rather uncommon form of kidney stone. It occurs in patients with Cystinuria disease. In this disease, patients lose too much amount of Cystine amino acid via urine. Hence, these patients may develop Cystine stones. It is a hereditary cause.
In the conclusion, we should always try to avoid or prevent the formation of kidney stones. You can follow the diet and drink enough water. Also, you can do some regular exercise and Yoga.
How do I know if I have stones in my kidney?
Kidney stones form in your kidneys. As stones move into your ureters — the thin tubes that allow urine to pass from your kidneys to your bladder — signs and symptoms can result. Signs and symptoms of kidney stones can include severe pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills and blood in your urine.
Where do you feel kidney stone pain?
You’ll feel the pain along your side and back, below your ribs. It may radiate to your belly and groin area as the stone moves down through your urinary tract. Large stones can be more painful than small ones, but the severity of pain doesn’t necessarily relate to the size of the stone.
What is the best treatment for kidney stones?
Your doctor may prescribe allopurinol (Zyloprim, Aloprim) to reduce uric acid levels in your blood and urine and a medicine to keep your urine alkaline. In some cases, allopurinol and an alkalizing agent may dissolve the uric acid stones.