How to Maintain Blood Sugar: Monitor and Test Blood Sugar

blood sugar

How to Maintain Blood Sugar: Monitor and Test Blood Sugar

What is Blood Sugar?

Often known as glucose, is the most common sugar present in the body. The food we eat provides glucose to our bodies. This sugar is a vital source of energy for the body’s organs, muscles, and nervous system, as well as providing nutrients. Complex mechanisms involving the small intestine, liver, and pancreas control glucose absorption, storage, and production on a continuous basis.

Also, after a person consumes carbs, glucose enters the bloodstream. Moreover, the pancreas, which is part of the endocrine system, helps maintain blood glucose levels in balance. However, insulin is produced by this organ and released whenever a person consumes protein or carbs. Insulin stores excess glucose as glycogen in the liver.

Blood Sugar Range :

After fasting for at least 8 hours, they are fewer than 100 mg/dL. And two hours after a meal, they’re less than 140 mg/dL.

Also, during the day, right before meals, levels must be at their lowest. Before meals, most persons without diabetes have blood sugar levels of 70 to 80 mg/dL. Moreover, some individuals consider 60 to be normal, while others consider 90 to be normal.

Likewise, even with prolonged fasting, many people’s glucose levels never go below 60. The liver regulates your blood sugar levels by converting fat and muscle to sugar when you diet or fast. It’s possible that a few people’s levels will drop.

Can low sugar levels be dangerous?

In particular, Yes, low blood sugar symptoms might include hunger, anxiety, sweating, dizziness, and even disorientation; if left untreated, low blood sugar (also known as hypoglycemia) can lead to unconsciousness, seizures, coma, and death.

Similarly, Blood sugar levels of 70 mg/dL or less are considered low. Hypoglycemia can arise in people with diabetes who take too much medicine (insulin) or take the recommended quantity but then eat less or exercise more than normal.

Also, Oral glucose intake (15.0 grams of sugar, for example, 1 tablespoon of sugar, honey, corn syrup, or IV fluids containing glucose) is used to treat hypoglycemia. It is recommended that you monitor your blood sugar levels 15 minutes following therapy.

What is a blood sugar machine?

A glucose meter, commonly known as a “glucometer,” is a medical instrument used to estimate the levels of glucose in the blood. However, a strip of glucose paper dipped in a chemical and measured against a glucose chart can also be used.

Blood Sugar fasting:

High fasting blood sugar levels indicate insulin resistance or diabetes. However, unusually low fasting blood sugar levels may indicate the use of diabetic medicines.

More importantly, knowing when to test and what to look for may help individuals stay healthy, especially if they have diabetes or are at risk.

Also, the body needs glucose for energy, which is obtained from the foods we consume. The body, on the other hand, does not consume all of this energy at the same time. Insulin allows you to store and release glucose as needed.

As a result, blood sugar levels rise after a meal, generally peaking approximately an hour later.

Also, the amount of elevated blood sugar and the specific moment of the peak is determined by the person’s diet.

Factors that cause an increase in sugar levels of the blood are:

  1. Having a large amount of food.
  2. Consume food that contains a high level of sugar
  3. Having foods that contain simple carbohydrates, let it be bread or other sweet snacks.
  4. The pancreas releases insulin when blood sugar levels rise. Insulin reduces blood sugar by breaking it down so that it may be used for energy or stored for later use.

People with diabetes, on the other hand, struggle with insulin in one of two ways:

  1. First, Type 1 diabetics create insufficient insulin because their bodies assault their insulin-producing cells.
  1. Second, People with type 2 diabetes have poor insulin sensitivity and, as a result, may not produce enough insulin.

People with high blood sugar levels and difficulties utilizing glucose, or blood sugar, have the same symptoms in both situations.

As a result, fasting blood sugar is influenced by three factors:

  • a person’s last meal’s contents
  • their prior meal’s portion size
  • the capacity of their bodies to generate and react to insulin

Also, its levels between meals offer a window into how the body manages sugar. High levels of fasting blood sugar suggest that the body is now unable to lower down sugar levels in the blood.

Moreover, this points to either insulin resistance or inadequate insulin production and, in some cases, both.

However, when it is very low, diabetes medications may be lowering blood sugar too much.

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Symptoms of high sugar levels:

  1. You feel more hungry
  2. Increase in thirst levels
  3. Loss of weight
  4. Frequent urination.
  5. Vision gets blurry.
  6. You feel fatigued after doing a little amount of work.

How to monitor sugar levels in the blood?

However, one of the greatest methods to understand your diabetes and how different meals, medications, and activities influence your diabetes is to test your blood sugar level. Keeping track of your blood glucose levels might assist you and your doctor in developing a management strategy for this disease.

Therefore, people use glucometers, or portable blood glucose meters, to monitor their blood sugar levels. These analyze a little quantity of blood, generally from the tip of a finger.

In order to collect blood, a lancet softly pricks your skin. However, because it fluctuates often, you must test and record them frequently.

Also, you can get your supplies to check the sugar level from your doctor, a pharmacy, online stores, etc.

In addition, can talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the cost. Testing strips, tiny needles, or lancets, to prick your finger, and a mechanism to hold the needle are all included with glucose meters. You could get a logbook with the kit, or you might be able to download the results to your computer.

What benefits of monitoring sugar levels in the blood?

Moreover, people with diabetes can learn more about their condition by checking their blood glucose levels on a regular basis. Knowing your blood glucose levels can help you, your doctor, and the rest of your healthcare team make critical decisions regarding medication dose, exercise, and nutrition.

In addition, you’ll know whether your blood sugar is too high or too low if you monitor your blood glucose levels on a regular basis, as both can produce symptoms and significant health concerns.

Also, always use a separate needle and instrument to measure blood sugar level every time. This is to prevent HIV, Hepatitis B, etc.

How to test sugar levels?

  1. Prick your finger with a small, sharp needle (referred to as a lancet) and place a drop of blood on a test strip. The test strip is then inserted into a meter that displays your blood sugar level. You may receive findings in less than 15 seconds and save the data for further use. Some meters may display charts and graphs of your previous test results as well as inform you of your average blood sugar level over time. Blood sugar meters and strips are available at your local drugstore.
  2. Newer meters allow you to test various areas besides your fingertip, such as your upper arm, forearm, the base of the thumb, and thigh. It’s possible that the findings from your fingertip aren’t the same. Changes in blood sugar levels in the fingers happen faster than at other testing sites. In addition to your fingertip, newer meters allow you to test your upper arm, forearm, the base of the thumb, and thigh. It’s conceivable that the results from your fingertip differ. Blood sugar levels in the fingertips fluctuate more quickly than at other testing locations.
  3. Continuous Glucose Monitoring System: These devices, also known as interstitial glucose measuring devices, are used in conjunction with insulin pumps to provide continuous glucose monitoring. They’re comparable to finger-stick glucose readings in that they can reveal patterns and trends in your data over time.

Chart for blood sugar levels check:

When to check
Level of blood sugar
Fasting or before breakfast 60-90 mg/dl
Before any meal 60-90mg/dl
1-hour prior meal 100-120mg.dl

If one is having higher or lower blood sugar levels then, he/she should:

Fasting level
Risk and suggestion
50 mg/dl or under Very low, immediately take medical consultation
70-90 mg/dl Normal
120-160 mg/dl Medium, consult your doctor
160-240mg Too high, try to bring down the level
240-300 mg/dl Too much high, consult your doctor immediately
300 mg/dl Very high, immediate medical attention

Platelet reactivity of people with high sugar levels in the blood:

However, diabetes patients, especially those with type 2 diabetes, have higher platelet reactivity. Through direct actions and by increasing glycation of platelet proteins, hyperglycemia contributes to increased platelet reactivity. Platelet reactivity is increased by hypertriglyceridemia. Its reactivity is increased by both insulin resistance and insulin insufficiency.

In the same way, platelet activation is inhibited by insulin. Insulin insufficiency, whether relative or absolute, would be predicted to enhance platelet reactivity. Diabetes is linked to inflammation and oxidative damage.

Endothelial dysfunction causes platelet activation by reducing the generation of nitric oxide (NO), which reduces platelet responsiveness.


In the conclusion, blood sugar can be maintained if you take a healthy diet and keep track of it. Also, it is important to maintain it otherwise the consequences may be severe. So, we have given the tables that can be followed to maintain the sugar level efficiently. Furthermore, we have mentioned the symptoms of fluctuated blood sugar levels. Additionally, you can learn to test your blood sugar by reading this article.

Related Questions :

  • What is the normal blood pressure range?

Blood pressure should be less than 120/80 mmHg in order to be considered normal. You may take daily efforts to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range, regardless of your age.

  • What is normal blood pressure by age?

Age Systolic Range Diastolic Range
Newborn to 6 months 45–90 30–65
6 months to 2 years 80–100 40–70
Children (2–13 years) 80–120 40–80
Adolescent (14–18 years) 90–120 50–80
Adult (19–40 years) 95–135 60–80
Adult (41–60 years) 110–145 70–90
Older adult (61 and older) 95–145 70–90


  • What can cause high blood pressure?

Age. As you become older, your chances of developing high blood pressure increase.
  1. Age
  2. Race
  3. Family History
  4. Being overweight or obese.
  5. Not being physically active.
  6. Using tobacco.
  7. Too much salt (sodium) in your diet.
  8. Too little potassium in your diet.
  9. Drinking too much alcohol.
  10. Stress.
  11. Certain chronic conditions.
  • What is the reason for low blood pressure?

Heart rate, rhythm, preload, afterload, and contractility all have an impact on blood pressure. The frequency at which your heart beats is referred to as your heart rate. Low blood pressure can be caused by an exceedingly low heart rate. The term “rhythm” refers to the difference between a regular sinus rhythm and an aberrant cardiac rhythm that lowers blood pressure. The amount of volume in your circulatory system is known as preload. The amount of resistance provided by vascular constriction is known as afterload. The contractility of your heart refers to how hard it pumps.

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