What is HIV: HIV and AIDS, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment


What is HIV: HIV and AIDS, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

What is HIV?

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that is responsible for causing infection in humans. It is a virus that infects the cells of a person. HIV affects the immune system, particularly the T-Cells (CD4 cells) that fight infection. Simply put, the virus kills T-cells, causing an untreated HIV infection to render a person’s immune system incapable of fighting illnesses and illnesses.

However, HIV destroys more CD4 cells, the body becomes more susceptible to a variety of diseases and malignancies.

The reason for transmission of HIV:

  1. Blood
  2. Semen
  3. Vaginal and rectal fluids
  4. Breast Milk.

More about HIV:

The virus doesn’t spread by the air, water, or by casual touch.

HIV is a lifelong illness because it inserts itself into the DNA of cells. There is presently no treatment that will eradicate HIV from the body, but many scientists are striving to develop one.

It is, nevertheless, feasible to control HIV and live with the infection for many years with medical care, including antiretroviral medication.

a person with HIV who does not get treatment is at risk of developing the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, also known as AIDS.

The immune system is too weak to respond effectively to various illnesses, infections, and illnesses at that stage.

Moreover, at end-stage AIDS patients have a life expectancy of roughly three years if they are not treated. HIV can be well-managed with antiretroviral medication, and life expectancy can be comparable to that of someone who has not contracted HIV.

Also, it is estimated that 1.2 million people in the United States are infected with HIV. One in every seven of these persons is unaware that they carry the infection.

What is AIDS?

AIDS is a disease that can develop in HIV-positive individuals. This is known as the most advanced stage of HIV infection in people. However, just because someone carries HIV and AIDSdoes not indicate they will acquire AIDS.


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HIV kills CD4 cells. CD4 counts in healthy persons range from 500 to 1,600 per cubic millimeter.

However, if a person with HIV and develops an opportunistic illness or malignancy that is uncommon in HIV-negative persons, they may be diagnosed with AIDS.

Also, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is an opportunistic illness that exclusively affects people who are extremely immunocompromised, such as those with advanced HIV infection (AIDS).

HIV can lead to AIDS in a decade if left untreated. Currently, there is no cure for AIDS, and without treatment, the average life expectancy after diagnosis is roughly three years. Known for its reliability.

I addition to that, if the person contracts a serious opportunistic sickness, this time frame may be reduced. Antiretroviral therapy, on the other hand, can help prevent the spread of AIDS.

A person with AIDS living is vulnerable. They have to live with many illnesses, such as:

  1. Pneumonia
  2. Tuberculosis
  3. Oral Thrush
  4. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  5. Cryptococcal Meningitis
  6. Toxoplasmosis
  7. Cryptosporidiosis
  8. Cancer

What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that is responsible for causing infection in humans. HIV is a type of retrovirus, which means it belongs to a group of viruses known as retroviruses. HIV is responsible for destroying the immune system’s white blood cells. These infected cells will live for the remainder of their lives.

‘Acquired immune deficiency syndrome’ is the acronym for ‘acquired immune deficiency syndrome.’ (It’s also known as ‘late-stage HIV’ or ‘advanced HIV illness.’) It’s an umbrella phrase describing disorders that develop after years of untreated HIV infection. By which time the immune system badly compromises and is unable to fight infections.

Each individual with AIDS will have different diseases and symptoms, but they may include life-threatening infections and malignancies.

Moreover, everyone with HIV carries the virus:

However, not everyone with HIV will get AIDS. Because people living with HIV now have a variety of treatment choices. Moreover, fewer individuals contract AIDS. One with AIDS is the one who never got the test done for HIV. Also, the one who doesn’t get treatment. HIV therapy can avoid AIDS-related Therapy.

Getting tested for HIV is the only way to find out whether you have the infection. AIDS is a collection of diseases and diseases that emerge as a result of untreated HIV infection. There is no test for it. Before HIV is established as the reason, patients can experience a variety of symptoms. This is why AIDS might be difficult to diagnose at times.

Symptoms of HIV:

HIV reaches the clinical latency stage after about a month. This period might extend anything from a few years to several decades.

During this period, some people may have no symptoms, while others may have minor or vague symptoms. A nonspecific symptom is one that is not associated with a specific disease or condition.

These symptoms are as follows:

  1. Headaches and other aches and pains
  2. Swollen lymph nodes
  3. Recurrent fevers
  4. Night sweats
  5. Fatigue
  6. Nausea
  7. Vomiting
  8. Diarrhea
  9. Weight loss
  10. Skin rashes
  11. Recurrent oral or vaginal yeast infections
  12. Pneumonia
  13. Shingles

Symptoms of Aids:

The acronym AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The immune system does not function in this state as a result of HIV infection that has gone untreated for many years.

A person with HIV who gets treatment with antiretroviral medication early on is unlikely to develop AIDS.

The symptoms may be as follows:

  1. Recurrent fever
  2. Chronic swollen lymph glands, especially of the armpits, neck, and groin
  3. Chronic fatigue
  4. Night sweats
  5. Dark splotches under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
  6. Sores, spots, or lesions of the mouth and tongue, genitals, or anus
  7. Bumps, lesions, or rashes of the skin
  8. Recurrent or chronic diarrhea
  9. Rapid weight loss
  10. Neurologic problems such as trouble concentrating, memory loss, and confusion
  11. Anxiety and depression

Treatment for HIV and Aids:

Regardless of viral load, treatment should begin as soon as feasible following an HIV diagnosis.

Antiretroviral therapy, a combination of daily drugs that prevent the virus from replicating, is the most common treatment for HIV. This aids in the protection of CD4 cells, allowing the immune system to remain robust enough to combat illness.

Also, Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is a drug that prevents HIV from developing into AIDS. It also reduces the risk of HIV transmission to others.

HIV Prevention:

  1. Safer Sexual Contact: HIV commonly transmits during anal or vaginal intercourse. Without the use of a condom or other barrier technique. This danger cannot be totally dismissed unless people avoid intercourse. But it is possible to significantly reduce by adopting a few measures.
  2. Sharing needles or other paraphernalia is not a good idea. HIV spread by blood. It is due to items that have come into contact with HIV-positive blood.
  3. Consider PEP, a person who detects HIV should get post-exposure prophylaxis from their healthcare professional (PEP). PEP can help you avoid catching HIV. It entails the administration of three anti-retroviral drugs over the course of 28 days. PEP should be initiated as soon as feasible after exposure, but no later than 36 to 72 hours.
  4. Take a look at PrEP. A person who has a higher risk of developing HIV should discuss pre-exposure prophylaxis with their healthcare physician (PrEP). It can reduce the chance of contracting HIV if taken on a regular basis. PrEP is a tablet that contains a mixture of two medicines.

Tips for coping HIV:

  1. Make their well-being a priority.
  2. Pay attention to their mental wellbeing. They might want to consult a qualified therapist who has expertise in treating HIV patients.
  3. Go for safer sex. Make contact with their sexual partner (s). Test for various sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Also, whenever they have vaginal or anal intercourse, they should use condoms or other barrier techniques.
  4. Surround them with positive people. When telling others about their illness for the first time, they should start slowly by informing someone who can preserve their trust.
  5. Obtain assistance. They can join an HIV support group, either in person or online, to meet people who are dealing with similar issues.

Can HIV be treated at early stages?

There is currently no treatment for HIV. Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) can, however, manage HIV and let individuals live a long and healthy life.
Moreover, treatment can lower the quantity of HIV in a person’s body to the point where they can’t transfer it to others (known as having an undetectable viral load). Although having an undetectable viral load might help you stay healthy, it isn’t a cure for HIV.
A person must adhere to their anti-retroviral medication in order to maintain an undetectable viral load.

How many HIV patients are there in India?

In India, HIV/AIDS is a pandemic. In 2017, the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) projected that 2.14 million persons in India were living with HIV/AIDS.

Stay SAFE!!



In the conclusion, get your doubts cleared about the confusion between what is HIV and AIDS through this article. Also, the article talks about the symptoms, prevention, and treatment of it. Moreover, there are some tips given to cope up with HIV.

Hence, HIV and AIDS both are different from each other. Also, follow the preventive measures cited here to stop the transmission of HIV. Using appropriate barriers during sexual intercourse and enough measures we can stop the spread of HIV.

Related Questions :

  • At what point does HIV become AIDS?

When the amount of CD4 cells in a person’s blood drops below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood (200 cells/mm3), they are said to have had AIDS. (CD4 levels range from 500 to 1,600 cells/mm3 in people with a healthy immune system.)

  • What causes HIV and AIDS?

What are the causes of HIV? The human immunodeficiency virus causes HIV infection. HIV is contracted through contact with HIV-infected blood, sperm, or vaginal secretions. The majority of people contract HIV by having unprotected intercourse with an HIV-positive person.

  • What are the 4 stages of HIV?

HIV Infection Stages

Infection Stages – (assuming no treatment)…

Infection that is asymptomatic.


HIV and Aids infection that progresses to AIDS.

  • How long can you stay undetectable?

When all viral load test results are undetectable for at least six months following their initial undetectable test result, a person’s viral load is deemed “durably undetectable.” To have a viral load that is undetectable for a long time, most people will need to be on therapy for 7 to 12 months.

  • Which is an infection that can lead to AIDS?

HIV is an infection that can lead to the development of AIDS. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It’s a virus that wreaks havoc on your immune system (your body’s disease-fighting system that keeps you healthy).

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