Heart Disease: Major heart defects, their Causes, and Symptoms Part 2

Heart Disease

Heart Disease: Major heart defects, their Causes, and Symptoms Part 2

In this article, we will further discuss heart disease. We discussed the most common heart defects in Part-1 of this article. In addition to heart defects, this article will also discuss the symptoms and prevention of heart disease.

Before getting into medical terms of heart diseases and their causes, if you have not read Part 1, kindly read it first.

Heart Disease Part 2:

  1. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

This heart disease is an inherited condition. That is to say, it passes from generation to generation. It arises due to genetic problems and inherited by children from their parents.

The cardiac muscles of the heart thicken due to genetic problems. As a result, the walls or muscles cannot pump blood efficiently. The heart beating may reduce due to the thickening of the wall. The ability of the heart to take blood in and pump blood out may be lost due to this heart disease.

Most importantly, this condition does not exhibit any symptoms. So, this condition may go unnoticed and leads to death. For instance, if you do not develop any symptoms, how can you diagnose this condition? That is to say, this condition remains undetected and may cause severe consequences.

To diagnose this defect at an early stage, one should take a look at their family history. If someone from the family is a patient of this condition, they should go for a screening test.

Early diagnosis and treatment can cure this condition. However, prolonged Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy may result in death.

Athletes and many patients under 35-40 age suffer from this heart disease.

  1. Mitral Valve Regurgitation:

As we know that, there are valves present in the heart. These valves work as gates or doors. When blood passes through the heart, these gates or valves are opened. After that, the valves remain closed to prevent the backflow of blood.

The mitral valve in the heart may not function properly. The dysfunction of the mitral valve leads to Mitral Valve Regurgitation.

The valve does not close and the blood flows back into the heart. The heart gets filled with blood again. As a result, the veins from the lungs are pressurized.

So, the blood cannot move throughout the body and remain only in the heart. This may lead to heart failure or other severe heart defects.

  1. Mitral Valve Prolapse:

This heart disease is also somewhat similar to Mitral Valve Regurgitation. This heart defect arises due to the dysfunction of a valve in the left atrium of the heart.

However, in this condition, the mitral valve does not close tightly and properly. The valve flap swells and it may cause the dysfunction of the mitral valve.

This happens in the left atrium of the heart. As a result, a patient may feel the heart murmuring. It is a common symptom of this heart disease.

The genetic problem and issues in the connective tissue may cause this condition. Almost 2% of the World’s population is suffering from this heart defect.

  1. Aortic Stenosis:

This heart disease also refers to a valve problem. Aortic stenosis arises when the right ventricle cannot pump blood into the pulmonary artery or aorta.

The pulmonary valves thicken or fuse with the cardiac muscles. As a result, it gets stiffed and does not open or close properly. Hence, the aorta does not receive blood from the right ventricle. Also, it affects the pressure system of the left atrium. So, the narrowing of the pulmonary valve makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood.

Above all, this condition may be inherited by a person. Also, a person may develop this heart disease due to calcium deposition.

Also Read: Blood, Heart and Circulation: How to Maintain Healthy Heart

Symptoms of Heart Disease:

The common symptoms of heart disease are listed below. Many of us already know these symptoms. The symptoms include…

Symptoms of Heart Disease

  1. Angina (Chest Pain)
  2. Fatigue
  3. Lightheadedness or Weakness
  4. Edema (Swelling)
  5. Breathing problems

Here are some more symptoms developed by children suffering from heart disease.

  1. Chest Pain
  2. Difficulty breathing
  3. Pain in Stomach
  4. Nausea
  5. Sweating
  6. Ankle swelling
  7. Fatigue
  8. Uneven heartbeat
  9. Body pain
  10. Heart Palpitations

Causes of Heart Disease:

Here are some causes or reasons for heart disease.

Causes of Heart Disease

  1. Age
  2. High Cholesterol Levels
  3. High Blood Pressure
  4. Diet
  5. Inherited Heart Defects
  6. Overweight
  7. Low activity or No exercise
  8. Smoking
  9. High-stress level or Depression
  10. High Alcohol consumption

Prevention of Heart Disease:

Prevention of Heart Disease

  1. Balanced Diet:

Diet plays an important role in maintaining the health of the body. Additionally, it helps to maintain a healthy heart.

The diet should contain high-fiber content and low-fat content. Eat whole grains, vegetables, and fruits. On the other hand, avoid the processed food. Also avoid salty, spicy, or high-sugar foods.

  1. Regular Exercise:

This can greatly improve the heart and overall health of the body. No exercise may cause severe other diseases in the body. However, an active body has a lower risk of developing heart disease.

Light exercise or walking is preferred instead of high gym activity to maintain heart health.

  1. Maintain Body Weight:

Bodyweight also plays an important role in maintaining a healthy heart. Obese people are prone to heart disease. So, losing and maintaining a moderate weight can help to avoid adverse heart conditions.

  1. No Smoking and No Alcohol:

In recent times, smoking and alcoholism have become the main cause of death. Heart patients develop heart conditions due to alcohol. Moreover, smoking cause lung disease, and alcohol gives liver disease along with heart conditions.


In conclusion, heart diseases are not that much severe as they seem. It can be cured by proper treatments and early diagnosis. Also, it can be avoided by maintaining a healthy heart. Here are some prevention methods to avoid heart disease.

Preventive Measures:

  1. Regular exercise
  2. Maintain Bodyweight
  3. No Smoking
  4. No Alcohol
  5. Balanced Diet

Here is the list of heart disease discussed in this article:

  1. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  2. Mitral Valve Regurgitation
  3. Mitral Valve Prolapse
  4. Aortic Stenosis

You May Also Like: Heart Disease: Six major heart defects, their Causes, and Symptoms

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