Headache Pain: Major Causes, Medicines and 11 Ways to relieve it

Headache Pain

Headache Pain: Major Causes, Medicines and 11 Ways to relieve it

Headache Pain:

Headaches are a fairly common ailment that almost everyone will have at some point in their lives. Head pain is characterized by discomfort in the head or face. Moreover, this might be a pulsating, continuous, acute, or dull sensation. Also, Medication, stress management, and biofeedback can all help with headaches.


Signals from the brain, blood vessels, and surrounding nerves combine to cause head pain discomfort. An unknown process stimulates particular neurons that influence muscles and blood vessels during pain. Furthermore, the brain receives pain signals from these nerves.

Moreover, headaches are a leading cause of work and school absences. They have an impact on social and family life as well. Constantly battling headaches can make some individuals feel worried and sad.

Headache Pain

  • Alcohol use is a common cause of tension headaches and migraines.
  • Alterations in eating or sleeping habits.
  • Depression.
  • Emotional stress resulting from relationships with family and friends, job, or school.
  • Abuse of medications.
  • Poor posture causes eye, neck, and back pain.
  • Lighting.
  • Noise.
  • Changes in the weather

Headache pain types:

  1. Primary :

Primary head pain is not a sign of a more serious ailment. Instead, these headaches are caused by issues with the head and neck tissues.

A primary head pain might be caused by excessive activity of:

  • Brain’s particular regions
  • Blood vessels
  • Muscles
  • Nerves
  • Brain chemicals

Cluster and tension headaches are two common kinds of primary headaches.

Headaches can also be caused by taking pain relievers too often. A person has a medication overuse headache in this situation, which is a different form of the main head pain.

  1. Secondary:

These are signs and symptoms of underlying medical problems. Also, a secondary headache might be caused by:

  • a stroke
  • pregnancy
  • systemic problems such as an infection
  • hypothyroidism
  • giant cell arteritis
  • a tumor in the brain

Severe health problems might cause secondary headaches.

If a head pain:

  • is severe or disruptive
  • is chronic
  • happens on a regular basis
  • does not improve with medicine
  • occurs with other symptoms such as disorientation, a fever, sensory abnormalities, or stiffness in the neck, it is vital to seek medical attention.

Miscellaneous types:

This is a frequent main headache pain kind. The discomfort generally starts in the middle of the day and progressively becomes worse.

  • as if a tight band is wrapped around their head
  • a continuous, dull aching on both sides of the head
  • discomfort extending to or from the neck

Also Read: Metabolic Problems: 5 Disorders, Foods to Eat & Treatments

Tension Headaches:

Episodic: These assaults often last a few hours, but they might linger for days.

Tension-type headaches that occur 15 or more days per month for at least 3 months are classified as chronic.


A migraine head pain can be characterized by pulsing, throbbing pain. It usually happens on one side of the head, although it can happen on both sides.

During an episode, a person may also have the following symptoms:

  • Lightheadedness
  • Auras, which are sensory disturbances such as alterations in eyesight.
  • Light or sound sensitivity
  • Nausea, perhaps accompanied with vomiting

Migraine headaches are the most frequent type of the main headache after tension headaches. They have the potential to have a major influence on one’s quality of life.

A migraine attack might last anywhere from a few hours to two to three days. The frequency of episodes might vary significantly, from once a week to once a month.

Taking medications too often:

This used to be referred to as rebound head pain. It happens when a person takes pain relievers for headaches too frequently.

Taking opiate-based medicines, such as those containing codeine or morphine, can lead to medication overuse headaches.

In addition to the head pain, a person may experience:

  • neck discomfort
  • restlessness
  • nasal congestion
  • poor sleep quality

The discomfort may fluctuate from day today, and the symptoms may shift as well.

According to The Migraine Trust, people with migraines frequently suffer drug overuse headaches, a charitable organization headquartered in the United Kingdom. Migraine attacks may become more frequent and severe as a result of these factors.

Cluster Headache:

These headaches range anywhere from 15 minutes to 3 hours and can occur anywhere from one to eight times each day.

Cluster headaches may occur regularly for 4–12 weeks before disappearing. They usually occur at the same time every day.

The person may be symptom-free in between clusters. These phases of remission might last months or even years.

Cluster headaches are characterized by the following symptoms:

  • short but intense pain
  • discomfort around one eye
  • tears or redness in the eye
  • a drooping eyelid
  • a clogged or runny nose
  • a narrower pupil in one eye

Thunderclap Headache:

These are severe headaches that people frequently describe as the “worst headache of their lives.” They reach their peak intensity in less than a minute and last for more than five minutes.

A secondary headache, such as an aneurysm or reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, might signal a life-threatening illness, such as:

  • aneurysm
  • reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome
  • meningitis
  • pituitary apoplexy
  • There can be bleeding in the brain
  • Blood clot inside the brain

People who have these sudden, severe headaches should seek medical help right once.

Headache pain in eyes:

Other symptoms may accompany head pain behind the eyes. If you have allergies or sinus difficulties, they might be a symptom of a cluster head pain, tension head pain, or even sinus headaches that reoccur.

Head pain symptoms might occur when you are worried or nervous. Some may be treated with over-the-counter pain relievers, while others, such as migraines, can make it difficult to work or enjoy alone time. These types of problems might signal a more serious problem, so talk to your doctor about it.


A head pain behind your eyes can be caused by a variety of factors and figuring out what causes it may require some trial and error. To figure out what’s causing your head pain discomfort, think about the sort of pain you’re experiencing.

  • Migraine: A migraine head pain is characterized by severe discomfort behind the eyes. If you suffer from migraines, your triggers may differ from those of someone else who suffers from the same condition. Migraines are commonly associated with stress or worry, hormonal changes, poor posture or nutrition, medicine, and even environmental triggers in many people. They are frequently accompanied by nausea, weakness, and a feeling of tightness in the brain.
  • Tension: Tension headaches can occur after a long day of driving, staring at a screen, or doing anything else that needs constant, tight attention. Many people have these sorts of headaches on chilly days, and they might be accompanied by head or neck muscular spasms.
  • Cluster: Cluster headaches come in cycles, and males are more likely than women to get them. Despite their prevalence, physicians have no idea what causes them, other than probable hereditary reasons. Many people who have them suffer from excruciating agony.
  • Sinus: This type of head pain occurs most frequently during allergy season or when you have an allergy flare-up at other times. Many of its symptoms are similar to those of migraines and cluster headaches, leading to a common misdiagnosis of such headaches as sinus headaches.

Other reasons:

Also, Eyestrain, undiagnosed nearsightedness, scleritis, optic neuritis, and Graves’ disease can all cause a headache behind the eye.

You May Also Like: What Causes Kidney Stones, Symptoms, and its Types

Other reasons include:

  1. Sleeping less
  2. Being hungry
  3. Intake of alcohol
  4. Smoking can be a reason
  5. Lightening
  6. Taking stress
  7. Imbalance of hormones
  8. Infection or illness

How to prevent eye pain:

Moreover, It’s important to be aware of your triggers if you want to avoid head pain discomfort. Get therapy for a chronic or autoimmune condition to minimize the number of pain days you experience. If you feel pain behind your eyes as a result of your lifestyle, try the following changes:

  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise
  • Relax
  • Take frequent pauses from your computer, phone, and other screens
  • Stay away from known head pain causes.

Headache Pain relief:

If you suffer from a variety of headaches, such as cluster and tension headaches, you may need to experiment to figure out which methods work best for you.

  1. Consider using a cold pack.

A bag of frozen veggies, ice cubes wrapped in a towel, or even a cold shower might help relieve discomfort. Keep the compress on your head for 15 minutes before taking a 15-minute rest.

  1. You can go for a heating pad or hot compress to reduce the pain.

Place a heating pad on your neck or the back of your head if you have tension head pain. Hold a warm cloth to the region that aches if you have sinus head pain. A warm shower may also be beneficial.

  1. Reduce the pressure on your head and make it free.

A head pain might be caused by an excessively tight ponytail. Wearing a cap, headband, or excessively tight swimming goggles might cause these “external compression headaches.”

  1. Turn down the Lights

Migraine head pain can be triggered by bright or flashing lights, even from your computer screen. Cover your windows with blackout curtains throughout the day if you’re prone to them. Wear sunglasses when you’re outside. You may also install anti-glare displays on your computer and replace your light fixtures with daylight-spectrum fluorescent lights.

  1. Make an effort not to chew

Gum chewing can harm not just your jaw but also your head. Chewing your fingernails, lips, the insides of your cheeks or useful things like pens are all examples of this. Avoid meals that are crunchy or sticky, and take tiny nibbles. Ask your dentist about a mouth guard if you grind your teeth at sleep. This might help you sleep better in the morning.

  1. Hydrate

Drink a lot of water. However, Dehydration can cause or aggravate head pain.

  1. Obtain Caffeine

Have a cup of tea, coffee, or another caffeinated beverage. It may help relieve head pain discomfort if you obtain it soon enough after the pain begins.

It can also improve the effectiveness of over-the-counter pain medications like acetaminophen. Just be careful not to drink too much, as caffeine withdrawal might result in a head pain of its own.’

  1. Relaxation should be practiced.

Learning how to relax while you’re suffering from head pain, whether through stretches, yoga, meditation, or progressive muscle relaxation, can help relieve the discomfort. If you suffer muscular spasms in your neck, talk to your doctor about physical therapy.

  1. A massage is a good option.

It’s something you can accomplish on your own. A tension head pain caused by stress might be relieved by rubbing your forehead, neck, and temples for a few minutes. Alternatively, apply moderate, rotational pressure to the sore spot.

  1. Take some ginger with you.

In tiny recent research, consuming ginger in addition to usual over-the-counter medication relieved discomfort for migraine sufferers in the emergency room. However, Another found it to be nearly as effective as prescription migraine medications. You may take a vitamin or make a cup of tea.

  1. Medications should be used in moderation.

Pain medications for all types of headaches are readily available on pharmacy shelves. Also, Follow the directions on the label and these suggestions to receive the maximum benefit with the least risk:

  • Liquids are preferable to tablets. It is absorbed more quickly by your body.
  • If you have heart failure or renal failure, avoid ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs).
  • Never administer aspirin to a youngster under the age of eighteen.
  • As soon as you feel discomfort, use pain relievers. If you don’t wait, you’ll probably be able to beat it with a lesser amount. Ask your doctor what you can do if you become sick to your stomach when you have head pain.
  • Consult your doctor about how to avoid rebound pain, which is pain that returns after using pain medications for a few days.

Also, see your doctor about certain headache symptoms you should not attempt to cure at home.

When to see a doctor:

  • A head pain that is accompanied by dizziness, speech difficulties, disorientation, or other neurological symptoms after a head injury
  • A strong that appears out of nowhere
  • A pain that worsens despite pain treatment

Headache Pain medicines:

  • It includes: sumatriptan (Imitrex, Alsuma, Imitrex STATdose System, Sumavel DosePro, Zecuity, Treximet)
  • Also, rizatriptan (Maxalt, Maxalt-MLT)
  • There is eletriptan (Relpax)
  • Also, you can consume zolmitriptan (Zomig, Zomig-ZMT)
  • It also includes (naratriptan Amerge)
  • Also, almotriptan (Axert)
  • There is frovatriptan (Frova)

Note: This website does not endorse or suggest any medicine during head pain. Take these medicine as per the doctor’s advice. The medicine list is for knowledge purposes only. Consult your door before undergoing any medications.


In the conclusion, headache is indeed an annoying condition for us. It does not let us work efficiently. So, here are 11 effective ways to relieve it immediately.

You May Also Like: 6 Factors Affecting Vaginal Health & How to Keep it Healthy

Share this post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *