4 Best Treatments for Headache Due To Gas and Its CausesSanjoy
In this article, we are discussing a severe and common problem known as headache due to gas in children and adults.
Headache Due to Gas?
Headache due to gas is a form of migraine characterized by a severe cramp or pain in the center of the abdomen. It actually occurs around the belly button. This type of migraine is not a headache due to gas but they often happen as a reaction to the same triggers for migraine headaches. Hence, also known as abdominal migraine or abdominal headache due to gas.
They are more common in children ages 5-8 but can also occur in adults commonly with a family history of migraines. When adults experience symptoms such as irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance is first considered.
This is because the condition is not often diagnosed in adults. Children who have headache due to gas grow out of it by their teens and eventually go on to develop migraine headaches as adults.
Also, headache due to gas is more prevalent in females than in male. Children who suffer from abdominal migraines are more likely to have mental health issues such as anxiety.
Causes of Headache Due to Gas:
The exact cause of headache due to gas is unknown. Some studies have shown that the condition is triggered by endocrinology and neurologic changes.
Moreover, it may be caused by an alteration in levels of two compounds (histamine and serotonin) that the body makes.
Furthermore, genetic factors may also be involved as the condition is prevalent in children who have a family history of headache due to gas.
The common trigger for headache due to gas is stress. That is to say, either negative or positive stress such as worrying over a certain situation, the excitement before a situation, changes in sleep pattern, swallowing a lot of air, fasting and skipping meals, etc.
Additionally, exercises may trigger the condition in some people. Some foods such as chocolate, cheese, citrus fruits, processed meats with nitrites, Chinese foods with monosodium glutamate (MSG), and alcohol.
Symptoms of Headache Due to Gas:
The most common symptom is severe pain at the center of the abdomen. It occurs usually around the belly.
This pain may be accompanied by:
- Nausea and Vomiting,
- Loss of appetite,
- Skin paleness,
- Weakness, etc.
However, these symptoms are usually relieved by sleep and may last from 2 to 72 hours.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Headache Due to Gas:
Diagnosing a headache due to gas can be hard because of the absence of a headache. Also, kids have big trouble telling the difference between an ordinary stomachache and an abdominal migraine. Moreover, no diagnostic test exists to confirm the condition.
However, diagnosis can be achieved by reviewing family history, medical history, physical examination, and carrying out other investigations. It will help to rule out other medical conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, peptic ulcers, kidney disorders, bowel obstruction, and gastroesophageal reflux.
The diagnostic criteria set out by the International Headache Society may also be used.
The criteria have the following characteristics: At least 5 attacks of abdominal pain. Fulfilling criteria B-D, pain that has at least two of the following:
- It occurs in the middle of the body near the belly button and is poorly localized.
- It has dull or just sore quality.
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Moderate or Severe?
The pain caused by headache due to gas can be characterized by at least two of the following:
- Pallor or paleness of the skin.
It attacks at least 2-72 hours when left untreated or unsuccessfully treated. Complete freedom from symptoms between attacks and not caused by another disorder.
Treatment of Headache Due to Gas:
Treatment options aim to reduce symptoms of an acute attack and to prevent it. Also, to reduce the severity of future episodes.
Medications such as NSAIDs, anti-nausea medications, and triptans are used for other forms of migraine which may be used for abdominal migraine attacks also. However, The choice of medications is often dependent on the age of the patient.
Preventive therapies used for other migraines may be explored for recurrent headache due to gas attacks.
In the conclusion, it is completely understood that headache due to gas is not a migraine but abdominal pain or stomachache. It happens due to gas. The headache due to gas may last for 2-72 hours. It must be treated properly to reduce further severity and future episodes.