Mucormycosis/Black Fungus: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

Mucormycosis

Mucormycosis/Black Fungus: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

Recently, the state government of Rajasthan has announced Black Fungus as an epidemic. The Central Government of India has asked other state governments to declare it as a serious disease. So, in this article, we will discuss the Mucormycosis symptoms, causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment.

India is going through a hard time with the CoVID pandemic. The country has hit by the second wave of CoVID-19. In these critical times, another epidemic has arisen. So, everyone has to be more careful than before.

Furthermore, black fungus is a severe disease. Hence, everyone should be aware of it. You should know how it spreads and causes illness. Also, after knowing it you can contribute to stopping the spread of the disease. So, let’s have a look at black fungus or Mucormycosis in detail.

What is Black Fungus or Mucormycosis?

Mucormycosis is an infection caused by a fungus. The infection is uncommon and limited. However, even if it’s a rare disease, it is a severe infection.

Previously, it was known as Zygomycosis. The infection occurs most probably due to low immunity. Also, it is found that those who were infected by CoVID-19 are highly vulnerable to this infection.

Moreover, if this fungal infection is not treated properly, it may lead to severe consequences or even death.

Mucormycosis Pictures:

Mucormycosis Mucormycosis

Mucormycosis Symptoms:

The Black Fungus exhibits the symptoms in two ways. That is to say, Mucormycosis symptoms are developed on the skin and in the respiratory system. We’ll investigate both of those.

Mucormycosis Symptoms of Skin:

  • The skin darkens
  • Skin pustules
  • Redness on skin
  • Swelling of skin
  • Ulcers

Mucormycosis Symptoms of Respiratory System:CoVID patients

The Black Fungus infection is somehow associated with respiratory tract infection. Similarly, CoVID-19 is also a respiratory disease. Hence, it is the most probable reason that why CoVID patients are prone to Mucormycosis. Both diseases share an important similarity.

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Sinus Pain
  • Nasal Congestion

Causes of Mucormycosis or Black Fungus:

The microorganism behind this disease is a fungus. A group of fungi called Mucormycetes is responsible for causing the infection. You may encounter this fungus from the environment.

So, if you are exposed o air or soil having droplets of Mucormycetes molds, you may get the infection. However, there are so rare chances of getting the infection in this way.

The Black Fungus can be found in soil, rotting woods, soil, or leaves. It may enter via nasal passage into the body. To clarify, if mold gets inside the body via your nose. As a result, it may cause respiratory tract infections.

On the other hand, the exposure of this microorganism on the skin may lead to a skin infection. As a result, you may develop the Mucormycosis symptoms of the skin.


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Who are highly vulnerable to Mucormycosis?

CoVID-19 patients who were just cured are prone to black fungus.
Diabetics are highly vulnerable to this disease.
Those patients who are taking immuno-suppressant drugs as their medications. That is to say, a person with weak immunity.

Mucormycosis Diagnosis:

The diagnosis depends on the type of infection. That is to say, it depends on whether the infection is in the respiratory system or on the skin.

However, sometimes patients themselves are not aware that they are having the infection. So, if you suspect an infection of the lungs, sinus, or skin, you must immediately report to the doctor. Seek appropriate medical help in case you get a suspected black fungus infection. Do not depend on symptoms cited here or on the internet.

Mucormycosis DiagnosisThe pathology laboratory will take a sample of mucus from your nose or phlegm from your throat. After that, Mucormycosis can be diagnosed from the mucus or phlegm sample.

On the other hand, the laboratory will take a look at skin infections. So, diagnosing of infection can be carried out. Also, they might clear the wounds caused by the fungus.

Mucormycosis Prevention:

Of course, we can prevent the spread of black fungus. Also, it is not contagious. It spreads from the environment or soil. So, if you come in contact with an infected person, most probably you will not have the infection. However, some safety measures are necessary to prevent the disease. Here are some best ways to prevent the spread.

  • Wear Mask or Double mask.
  • Boost your immunity.
  • Take safety precautions while cleaning.
  • Cover the wounds on the skin.
  • Use anti-fungal solutions to clear your wounds.
  • Immediately see a doctor in case of suspected infection.

Mucormycosis Treatment:

The Mucormycosis treatment is possible. However, in India, the cost is very high. The expensive injections and medications make the treatment high-priced. Also, the black-marketing of these injections also contribute to the high price of treatment.

IV Therapy:

IV Therapy stands for Intravenous therapy. The intravenous injection of anti-fungal medications is given to the patient.

  • Amphotericin B (IV Therapy)
  • Posaconazole (Intravenously)
  • Isavuconazole (Intravenously)

Oral Medications:

Furthermore, intravenous injections or medications can be administered orally. For example,

  • Posaconazole (Oral medicine)
  • Isavuconazole (Oral medicine)

Surgery:

This option is employed when the situation becomes critical. Doctors remove the part of the tissue where the infection has occurred. The removal of the infected tissue can prevent the spread to other parts of the body. So, surgery can be used as a Mucormycosis treatment.

Conclusion:

Mucormycosis or Black Fungus is very rare although a severe disease. India is exponentially reporting the growth of its cases. In such times, we should be aware of the Mucormycosis symptoms, cause, prevention, and treatment. We have to be alert against this disease. However, we should not panic or worry much if we take serious safety measures and proper precautions.

Related Questions:

  • What is the black fungus?

Mucormycosis, or “black fungus,” is an infection that can infect the sinuses and bones of the face, attack the brain, and lead people to lose one eye. Mucormycosis can kill up to half of the people who get it if treatment is delayed treatment is moment and expensive.

  • Where does yellow fungus come from?

Unsanitary situations, the use of steroids, and other drugs could also produce yellow fungus. COVID-19 patients with uncontrolled diabetes and a longer stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) have a fungal infection.

  • Can I get black fungus after recovering from Covid?

According to experts, the majority of patients with black fungus have recovered from COVID-19 or are infected with the virus.

  • What are the symptoms of mucormycosis?

Symptoms of Mucormycosis:

Got a headache.

Congestion in the nose or sinuses.

Black spots also on tip of the nose or the inside of the lip immediately increase.

Fever

  • Can mucormycosis be cured?

Mucormycosis is a dangerous infection that causes symptoms with antifungal agents such as amphotericin B, posaconazole, or isavuconazole.

  • How do humans get fungus?

Some fungus reproduces by releasing microscopic spores into the air. The spores can be ingested or they can land on you. Fungal infections frequently begin in the lungs or on the skin as a result. If you have thinner skin or are on antibiotics, you are more like to have a fungal infection.


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